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Bagpipes 101

What’s Worn Under the Kilt?

Tags: Bagpipes, Bagpipes 101, Funerals/Memorials, History, Uncategorized, Weddings

Uh yes…. The eventual question. The question everyone wants to know the answer to but some are too shy to ask.


There are many different ways to answer this question. My step-father, who was a Highland from Dunoon, Scotland when asked “What’s worn under the kilt?” would respond “Nothing, it’s all in perfect working order”. That’s a pretty clever answer to a question that is quite delicate.




For every bagpiper or Scotsman it really comes down to a preference. Some things entering the debate on whether to or not to are:


  • Am I a strict traditionalist? Should I go as the lads did in the movie Braveheart due to some allegiance to practices of a bygone era? This is probably more likely than most people think as we are playing tunes that were written centuries ago…
  • Weather. It is hot, humid or chilly out. You can figure out the implications of this debate.  Or is it windy? Wind can be very revealing. Haha.
  • Are there any ladders or stairs to be climbed during the outing? I know in one instance I had to climb up into the pilot’s area at the top of a boat and the ladder were pretty much vertical. Lucky I was prepared. 😉
  • Wool. Is it itchy? It can be. The comfort factor might weigh in on this one.
  • Health implications. Years ago I read somewhere that briefs were bad for men. So it might be for health that a man goes without.


I know I’ve faced this question many times. Most men are too embarrassed to ask so the majority of the time I am asked by women. And I’m more often asked on St. Patrick’s Day than at any other time of the year. I guess green beer emboldens even the most timid souls.  I usually refrain from answering or if I do I tell them you’re going to have to ask my wife…. 🙂

St. Paddy’s Day and Bagpipers- Facts and Rants from a Piper

Tags: , Bagpipes, Bagpipes 101, Events, History, Uncategorized

St. Patrick’s or St. Paddy’s Day is named after the patron saint of Ireland who lived in the 5th century in Ireland. He died on March 17 and that is why every St. Patrick’s Day is celebrated on that exact day.


St. Patrick’s is a day of celebrating all things Irish and bagpipes are one of those things. It seems everyone I meet that day on my travels is Irish or is an adopted son or daughter or Ireland. They’re all wearing green, dancing and generally having a great time.


This one day of the year is the busiest for almost all bagpipers I know. I usually start bagpiping at noon and some years I have been piping as late as 2am. It’s quite a workout but it’s worth it.

Irish Pub

Irish Pub

I play for the clients and their guests. I get paid well but what I really like is playing for the crowds. They are usually very appreciative. Some have never heard a bagpipe before. Most pubs I play at are the real deal. Many bars call themselves Irish but they are not interested in doing anything Irish other than selling green beer. Most of the pubs I play at do a great job keeping up with Irish traditions by serving Irish food, drinks and provide live entertainment. Contact me if you want to know where to go.

About tipping- some people want to tip me and I appreciate all that they give me. If you stop a piper and request a tune then you should tip him or her. Don’t tip your piper with a drink. Pay them. If they want a drink or something to eat they’ll buy their own with the cash. It’s really hard for me to collect tips in most cases. I’m kinda busy at the time and both hands are on the instrument. If you want to tip me please wait until I’m finished playing or give the tip to the lady that accompanies me- if she’s there. Please be courteous to her and me.


Speaking of courtesy:

  • Don’t ask the bagpiper what’s under the kilt. If I had a dollar for every time I was asked that…
  • When posing for photos please don’t disrespect the bagpiper or the instrument. Just smile. Isn’t that enough?
  • Never touch the pipes! Bagpipers have invested a lot of time and moeny in that instrument and don’t want it to be damaged. Never touch the pipes!


For the most part St. Patrick’s Day is a great time. I usually take about a day or two to recover. It’s quite an experience from this side of the pipes and every year it gets better and better.


Some photos of me playing for St. Patrick’s Day:

  • St. Patrick’s Day fun at Wild Goose with Bagpiper Stephen

  • Bagpiper Riverside St. Patty’s day

  • Bagpiper private party

  • Irish Bagpiper St. Paddy’s Day

How do you learn to play the Bagpipes?

Tags: Bagpipes, Bagpipes 101, History, Uncategorized

Requirements to Learn the Pipes

Almost anyone can learn to play the bagpipes.There are only a few basic requirements. You have to have some sense of rhythm–if you can dance then you are probably OK.  You must want it bad enough. The bagpipes are a demanding instrument but are very rewarding. Your motivation must be there. If you want to play pipes you have to have a very basic level of fitness.

All bagpipers start to learn on the practice chanter (PC). This is a small plastic reeded instrument similar to a recorder. It is very easy to blow and is tuned to the same scale as the bagpipe. You learn all tunes on the practice chanter first before taking them to the pipes. The PC will be your friend as long as you play the pipes. Over half and probably over 80% of your practice time will be spent on the PC. The practice chanter is relatively inexpensive too. A good plastic PC will cost around $50-$75. A wood PC will cost up to $200 or so. 

practice chanter

Notes & Scales

There are only 9 notes in the bagpipe scale. The common joke is “it’s only 9 notes- how hard can it be?”. It can be challenging for sure. It is very important that you start with a good instructor. Spending some time with an instructor will start you with the correct form and prevent a lot of bad habits from forming early on. I know quite a few guys interested in recruiting members for new bands to world class players who teach students in person or via Skype.

Initially you will learn the scale, and then you will move onto some of the common “movements” performed on the bagpipe. These are rhythmic combinations of notes played on the bagpipe to accentuate notes in a tune. Each has it’s own pattern and learning the bagpipe involves mastering these movements. They go by gaelic names: the Lemluath, Taorluath, Crunluath, Darado etc…. As you progress you will encounter these as well as other movements like throws, grips and doublings to name a few more.

bagpipe scale

Getting Started on the Pipes

Once you have demonstrated some proficiency on the practice chanter you should get started on pipes.Always seek the advice of a seasoned player before buying bagpipes. There are many bagpipes that are out there that are garbage. You won’t be able to tune or play them, the wood warps, cracks, etc. Many people have been taken. So buyer beware!!

So you order your pipes. They come nice and shiny in a box. You have to assemble them, hemp all the joints, tie on a bag, etc. A big part of bagpiping is pipe maintenance. As with all things there is a right way to do things that produces what you want- an airtight bagpipe that requires the minimum effort to play and sounds wonderful. Don’t do this step well and you will struggle with your pipes and they will sound like a cat with its tail caught in a grinder. 

The first time you try your pipes, two of the drones will be corked. You won’t have the air to keep three going at one time. Once you get used to the demand of one drone, then another gets uncorked, and finally a third and then the chanter as well. When you play the bagpipes you are actually playing four reeds at once- that’s what gives you this full sound with all the harmonics that we love. The time to get a full set of pipes going can take from 4-8 weeks or so depending on your fitness level. Don’t give up at this stage as you are so close!

How to play

After you’ve got all drones going then you learn to control your squeezing. A steady pressure is required to keep the drones sounding at one pitch- no ups and downs. Then you learn to march and do all those other things while maintaining your pressure and playing the correct notes with the correct embellishments and timing.

It sounds more difficult than it is. Learning the bagpipes is certainly challenging but it is a wonderful instrument and the learning always continues with it. I’ve been playing for over 16 years and almost everyday I learn something new or improve a little. It’s a game of inches, Sometimes progress is slow but every now and then you have a breakthrough and it is always rewarding. This race is a marathon – not a sprint.

The music of the bagpipe is like no other. The history is proud and glorious and the sound of the bagpipe grips your heart like nothing else. It’s my great pleasure and honor to play the bagpipes. It’s fun and it gives you a great excuse to wear a kilt too.

Here in Southern California you can even get world class instruction from some of the best pipers in the world. So if you are ready to get started on an adventure that will be very rewarding please drop me a line and I will connect you with a great instructor. Also I have no commercial interest in this at all- I only connect people so that the great art of bagpiping can continue to grow and flourish here in the USA.

Bagpipe Music for Weddings

Tags: Bagpipes, Bagpipes 101, Events, History, Uncategorized, Weddings

I’ve played bagpipes at many weddings and there are some pointers and ideas I’d like to share:

Ryan and Emily

  • I believe that a wedding is primarily about the bride. It’s her big day. Of course the groom is also very important but many times the groom doesn’t have quite the same ideas and the same clarity that a bride will have. It’s my job as the bagpiper to bring those wishes/dreams to life.
  • When to perform:  I’ve been asked to play beforehand, as guests arrive, I’ve preceded the bride and father up the aisle and also played during the recessional escorting the new married couple out of the service. Many times I’ve appeared as a surprise for either the bride, groom or guests. This requires some preplanning but this has always worked very well in my experience.
  • Entrance: one other option is also to have the bagpiper lead the bride and groom into the reception. This works very well as a grand entrance.
  • Dress: if the wedding has Scottish dress I’ve also been called upon to guide the groomsmen on how to wear the kilt properly and where each of the accessories goes. 🙂Bagpipe204 Read More

Playing Bagpipes at a Funeral

Tags: , Bagpipes, Bagpipes 101, Events, Funerals/Memorials, History, Uncategorized

This is one of the most frequent requests I get as a Bagpiper. Most people are not aware that in ancient times some Scots believed that the soul would not ascend to heaven or be released with out a bagpiper. Bottom line if you didn’t have a bagpiper at the funeral you were in big trouble.

The bagpipes were considered by the English to be an instrument of war because of their effect on the Scotsmen who were fighting against the English for freedom. The bagpipes became closely associated with the troops and this has carried over to servicemen and women in the Police and Fire services and military.  I did a Funeral at Riverside Military Cemetery for a highly decorated Marine- this photo shows the honors that were given to this man upon his death:

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How Bagpipes are Built

Tags: , , Bagpipes, Bagpipes 101, History

I am often asked about the bagpipes. What are they made of? Where/when did they originate? How did I get started?

Here’s what I know:

The bagpipes were thought to be originally created somewhere in the Mediterranean. Pipers used their instruments to entertain but often shepherds would use the pipes to keep flocks quiet and calm. Some even believe that pipes were present at Christ’s birth. Imagine! The original instrument probably only had one drone and chanter. More specifically one upright pipe (drone) and one downward pointing pipe (Chanter or melody pipe). I have even heard that some believe that Egyptians had pipes long before but I don’t think there are any illustrations or proof of this. Read More

A Southern California Ranch Wedding

Tags: Bagpipes, Bagpipes 101, Events, History, Uncategorized, Weddings

RyanEmily-495It was my great pleasure to play for Ryan and Emily on their wedding day. They had some specific requests for music. Some traditional Irish and Scottish tunes as well as one not traditional at all. They are both big Beatles fans and they requested that I play “Here Comes the Sun” for them as they walked down the aisle for the first time as man and wife. Now not all songs can be adapted to the bagpipes but I told them I would try.

Later I was able to Skype with them and play some of the tunes they had selected for the wedding as they were in Manhattan preparing for the wedding in So Cal. This helped tremendously and they were very happy I was able to figure out their requested Beatles tune on the pipes.

On the big day the venue was decorated and looked wonderful. I was able to perform for them and everything went perfectly- at least from my perspective. Check out the review of the wedding at 100 Layer Cake.

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